In this mini exhibit, you will find content on surveying tools and techniques as well as mapping tools and techniques.
First Settlement in Potsdam
“The first settlement of the town of Potsdam was begun by Benjamin Raymond, the land agent for the proprietors (Clarkson’s etc.) in 1803.In May of that year he left Rome with a bateau laden with mill irons, provisions and six men and proceeded by the difficult and tedious route of Wood Creek (Locks at Wolf Rift in the canal connecting the Mohawk with a Wood Creek and Oneida Lake were completed in 1797 according to Eastman’s History of N.Y. State1832. Page 359. Museum Book) Oneida Lake Oswego River, Lake Ontario and the St. Lawrence River to Point Iroquois above Waddington where he left part of his load and proceeded to open a way thru the forest to Potsdam. He struck the river some distance below: here he built a raft and ascended ½ mile to the falls where he arrived in June. Here he built a temporary hut and commenced building a sawmill which he got into operation that year (1803).
During the summer, lines for roads were surveyed our in different directions, and some of them among which was the route from Stockholm thru Potsdam to Canton, was so far cleared of underbrush as to allow the passage of teams. The frame of the sawmill was the first building erected in Potsdam [by non-native people]. Mr. Raymond had for two or three years traversed all this country, surveying, and was sensible to the superiority of the soil here before commencing a settlement.”
Quote from: The Early History of PotsdamBy Marguerite Gurley Chapman, 1956
A.H Andrews & Company
Donated by: The Potsdam Public Library
In the 1890s, C.F. Weber & Co. purchased this globe from A.H. Andrews & Company, a manufacturer of globes and school supplies. Weber produced this eighteen-inch terrestrial globe in the mid-1890s. It includes a wooden horizon ring and metal meridian ring, which divide the globe into hemispheres. It also has lines depicting shipping routes and wind patterns. The globe can be dated to between 1889 and 1898 due to the names of countries on the globe. Puerto Rico and Cuba are still listed as being Spanish territories; they were ceded to the United States in 1898. The globe was produced after 1889 because it includes the split between North Dakota and South Dakota. The globe rests in a cast-iron stand. This globe was used in the Potsdam Public Library and given to the Potsdam Public Museum in 1976.